State of Kuwait is one of the leading countries with high incidence of Diabetes Type 2 due to high rates of obesity, high energy foods- especially fat-saturated ( fast food), lack of regular activity and exercise.
NHS defines diabetes as follows:
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is a group of disorders with a number of common features characterised by raised blood glucose. In
the four commonest types of diabetes are: England
Trials have shown (Gillies et al. 2007) that behavioural interventions help reduce the likelihood of type 2 diabetes developing among people with pre-diabetes. For example, the Finnish diabetes prevention study (Tuomilehto et al. 2001) showed that the risk of these individuals developing type 2 diabetes is reduced if they achieve one or more of the following:
· reduce their weight by more than 5%
· keep their fat intake below 30% of energy intake
· keep their saturated-fat intake below 10% of energy intake
· eat 15 g/1000 kcal of fibre or more
· are physically active for at least 4 hours per week. "
Every woman in Kuwait who has risk factors: overweigh, high energy intake diet ( fast foods) and small amount of physical activity should make changes before she plans pregnancy in order to have healthy pregnacy and better delivery outcomes.